Two heads are better than one. Or so as the expression goes. It means that two people working together have a better chance of solving a problem than one person working alone. Though a student can work alone and step-up their proficiency on the given task. Learning can be more enjoyable with the cooperation of others. A helping hand can be convivial to a learner.
Problems may arise during group work. There can be students who have had negative experience with the previous a previous team member. Some may not be good in socializing with others. They may tend to be nervous or shy when talking in front of them.
Cooperative or collaborative learning is an educational approach which aims to organize classroom activities into academic and social learning experiences. Cooperation is working together to accomplish shared goals. Within cooperative situations, Individuals seek outcomes that are beneficial to themselves and beneficial to all other group members. That being said, contemporary learners are expected to be capable of learning through this method of teaching considering that large number of students is influenced by social interaction with the use of modern technology.
There are many elements of cooperative learning one of which is "positive interdependence" where members of a group share common goals and perceive that working together is individually and collectively beneficial, and success depends on the participation of all members. Assigning a project or task to each member of the group will show their techniques that will lead to a better understanding of the lesson material given to them. As a result it will both boost their cognitive ability and interpersonal skills through consulting the members of the group.
Therefore, cooperative or collaborative learning targets academic, personality and social development of a learner. But let us not forget, that correct guidance, support and instruction will always be a great help to our students.