Fundamentals of School Eco-Friendly Writing Made Simple

 

 

Fundamentals of School Eco-Friendly Writing                                           

             Made Simple

________________________

 

 

 

 

Marilyn S. Panganiban

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rounded Rectangle: D E D I C A T I O N

 

 

 

I sincerely dedicate this endeavor to the Lord who is my strength and source of my understanding. I also dedicate this book to my family who is always willing to support me.

 

 

 

 

Preface

        Fundamentals of School Eco-Friendly Writing is a book designed to share the samples of best practices in school so that other teachers would have an idea on how to make or implement these kind of programs or projects.

          It has become clearer that much of the responsibility for success rest with the ability of teachers to provide a child friendly school.

           Thus, the author incorporated her ability and experience in writing this book so that other teachers would be encouraged to develop their own project.

 

 

i

 

The Author

TABLE OF CONTENTS

DEDICATION……………………………………….…i

PREFACE………………………………………………..ii

School Eco-Friendly

Best Practices………………………………………..1

Implementation of Rules and

Regulation of the Environmental

Policy of the School…………………….………….2

Strategies Employed

by the School to Maintain

SWM Program………………………………….……..6

Samples of School Eco-Friendly

Best Practices:

  1. Gulayan sa Paaralan…………………………..10
  1. Water Conservation Program…………...13

ii

 
  1. Paper Conservation Program…………….16
  2. School Compost Project……………….……19

Samples Of School

Eco-Friendly Research……………………………23

  1. Increasing the Growth Rate

of the Plants within a Short

Period of Time through the

Use of the Hydroponics Method…………….23

B.Producing Good Organic

Fertilizer Through Vermiculture

And Vermicomposting…………………………….40

  1. Improving Operational

Efficiencies at the Mixed

Wastes Through the

Use of Innovative Material

Recovery Facility (MRf)………………………….55

  1. The Effectiveness of Mulch

in Protecting the Growth

of the Plants………………………………………..…74

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

School Eco-Friendly Best Practices

A School Eco-Friendly Best Practices are the important type of information in order for the pupils, teachers and parents to become aware on the proper disposal of waste as well as the awareness on green and clean environment. The purpose of it is to help them learn on the importance of Eco-Friendly environment so that they have an idea what to do during their stay in the school and even at home.

1

 

        To bring out and promote teachers, parents and pupils’ awareness on school best practices, every school should even conduct an orientation on Eco-Friendly Awareness.

          The School Eco-Friendly Best Practices Orientation is one of the important events that can be initiated in school.

 

Implementation of Rules and Regulation of the Environmental Policy of the School

“The environment reflects the way of life in modern society. No longer do we enjoy a nature of hills and seas but are faced instead, with mountains and rivers of garbage. The picture is entirely unappealing, and something must be done.

2

 

The concept of Ecological Solid Waste Management, of the proper management of waste through the principles of reduce, reuse, and recycle, can been introduced in communities across the country. Faced with the fact that the youth make up majority of the nation’s population, greater is the need to immerse these junior members of the society in an intensive solid waste management practice in schools.

The schools are basins where people are molded, the training ground through which to instill necessary attitudes and mindsets that would serve as the core towards proper living in a demanding world. Thus, a partnership between and among children and adults, individuals who make up the school community, should be strengthened to work on the road to a cleaner and better place conducive to promoting the best learning experience.

It is important for the school to adopt this concept mentioned above as to the pursuant to the Policy on Solid Waste Management.

Here are the rules that should be followed in school.

  1. No Segregation, No Collection
  2. The schedule of collecting non-biodegradable waste will be on Monday, Wednesday and Friday

4

 

3

 
  • Biodegradable waste will be thrown to compost pit
  1. Empty bottled water may be thrown to Basketball Trash Bin
  2. Each classroom must have 3 trash bins for biodegradable, non-biodegradable and residual
  3. Harap at Likod Mo, Linis Mo
  4. Tapat Mo, Taniman Mo
  5. Clean and Green Program every 4:00 in the afternoon

By these rules and regulations, pupils can reinforce to do the proper behavior on how to take care of our only home-the Mother Earth!

 

5

 

Strategies Employed by the School to Maintain SWM Program

Have you wonder how much waste of each type of material your school throw away? Knowing

all of these will help you to prioritize which materials to recycle and can help to plan what size bins your school will need.

      

6

 

Any school can be considered an ECO-Friendly school if the school waste management programs are properly monitored and maintained. The segregation of waste materials into BIODEGRADABLE, NON-BIODEGRADABLE and RECYCLEABLE can be properly categorized through orientation. School staff and students can categorize the major types of waste generated in school. Food waste, plastic wrappers, paper, aluminum foil, pencil sharpening, empty bottle and others.

The school would be successful in improving environmental performance through the implementation of Techniques and Strategies made during the orientation. Here are the strategies that can be implemented:

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  • The SPG and YES-O officers implemented a project named “SHOOT-DAT TRASH” policy wherein empty plastic bottles were thrown and shoot to the trash bin made of steel with ring on it where they can be able to shoot the bottle.
  1. Awareness training for school children. We believe that pupils must learn the proper way of disposing waste. What kind of materials they are able to segregate into 3Rs.
  2. School activities like Poster Making, Quiz Bee, Slogan Making which is all about Waste Segregation

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  • Involving children in segregation. One way for them to analyze the kind of waste they are going to throw in each garbage bins.
  1. Policies and Programs regarding SWM Program.
  2. Disposal Technique.

Additionally, this technique provides information on SWM Program implemented in school can reduce the solid waste generated in all areas of the school. It should be properly implemented in order to create hands-on learning experiences for pupils and result to wide waste reduction. 

 

9

 

Samples of School Eco-Friendly Best Practices:

  1. Gulayan sa Paaralan

        Putting up a garden alone is never an easy job. The school requires the EPP teachers to attend series of seminars relative to proper gardening. To avoid exasperation, where other parents have not extended even a little support or concern in the maintenance of the garden, the GPTA Officers play an important role to spearhead and support the implementation of the gulayan sa paaralan project.

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        Consequently, the implementation of the National Section 5.2 of Executive Order (EO) No. 26, s. 2011 and DepEd Memorandum No. 58, s. 2011 entitled Creating the Task Force on National Greening Program becomes efficient and effective if the teachers, parents, pupils in cooperation with the Barangay Cataning and San Jose Officials are unified to one objective and that is to the improve of school vegetable production.

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          Pre-reflective awareness in responding to sustainable development, hunger and malnutrition, and other environmental challenges was a valuable piece for proximal impression of this project. Stretched consciousness of these realities, catapulted a transcendent vision for change and innovate organic fertilizers and pesticides in the enhancement of garden yields. Success in vegetable gardening was an attribute of passion in a seamless element of stretched consciousness for sustainable development, with a certain degree of sameness across the flow.

        The “Gulayan sa Paaralan” can be considered as one of the best practices because of its a vital contribution on school feeding program.

 

 

12

 
  1. Water Conservation Program

          Big school can consume a large amount of water every day because of the tremendous number of enrollees. To conserve the water use,  Mrs. Ma. Elena V. Medina, a school principal assigned a Teacher Coordinator who implemented the program for water conservation. Before they started the plan, Mrs. Rosita B. Forbes, a Water Conservation Coordinator checked the faucets and toilets if there are some leaks.

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        During the conduct of the program, Mrs. Forbes provided some rules and regulations that should be followed by the pupils and teachers like:

  1. All pupils are obliged to check their toilets if the faucet has already closed before they leave the room.
  2. Secure the faucets at the drinking water area after using it.
  3. Use a container in watering instead of hose.
  4. Reduce outdoor water use.
  5. Water should only use during class hour.

14

 

        The idea of the utilization of water at the canteen and vegetable garden can be useful through proper connection. These can be installed a big container at the back area of the kitchen. This container can serve as the water catch basin that coming supply to the garden will be enough for the whole day. This irrigation system is effective because it helps the plants to survive from drought, tolerate the damage and fend off the plant disease.

 Here are some of the school- made outdoor water tips:

  • Apply mulch around the plots to reduce evaporation, promote plant growth and control weeds.
  • Add compost or an organic matter to soil as necessary, to improve soil conditions and water retention.

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  • Collect rainfall or water from dishwashing area in a screened and covered container (to prevent mosquito larvae growth).
  • Always use a broom to clean walkways, covered court and entrances than hosing off these areas.
  • Only water the lawn area when necessary.

        Hence, water conservation program can become very effectual because if it is properly implemented in school.  

  1. Paper Conservation Program

16

 

        All schools should involve themselves in a Recycling Program so that the amount of wastes is diverted into a valuable one. One of the best practices that can be done in school is a recycling of paper through a “Paper Program” (Proper Attribute on Recycle/Reuse). This program can be established to control the paper wastes from happening.

        In this activity, the pupils and faculty are obliged to separate recyclable papers at their desks and deposit the paper at the central location, typically at the front of the classroom and at the end of the day the papers were collected from the classrooms, stored them at the Materials Recovery Facility (MRF).    

17

 

        In addition with this, Mrs. a Recycling Coordinator should designate a committee who would encourage pupils to reuse the papers by making them into new designs like paper arts, school decor etc. The PAPER monitoring program can be implemented by following a school policy such as:

  1. Papers should be properly placed and collected in each room.
  2. In using a paper make sure that the back and front areas are completely utilized particularly in answering project 4 F’S.                                                                          3. The collected paper should be either reused/recycled or send them to the market.

 

 

 

 

 

18

 
  1. School Compost Project

        According to John Wick, Nature is always in balance, but humans only thrive in certain environmental conditions and “right now, for much of life on the planet, there is too much carbon in the air and too little carbon in the soil”. Some of the human activities like burning, use of polluting pesticides depleted our soils and crashing our eco-systems, and now even planted landscapes are off-gassing CO2.

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19

 

        With this, a school program is very important to boosting photosynthesis and cleaning up the mess the school created. And one of it is a School Compost Project. Its goal is to establish the school vegetables to support the School Based Feeding Program. Different related activities can be done through planning.

        The EPP Teachers can prepare a compost pit near the school garden. They should ensure that the size of it (470 cm x 160) so that it would be suited to the waste materials and would be enough for aeration. After few days, they can prepare these organic waste matters. The separation of organic waste is very important for this program. Grass trimmings, fruit and veggie scraps, green leaves and livestock manure were properly placed at the compost pit. They mixed the waste materials and add some water every 7 days. 

        In a couple of weeks, they could check the compost.  And once it becomes a dark-brown and smell just a soil, they could use it as fertilizer and mixed to the garden plots.

        The result is expectedly delighted, because the vegetables can continue to grow and upon monitoring, the number of harvested vegetables would increase.

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        Because of compost project, the production and consumption of vegetables and fruits in school would be strengthened and intensified. With the right conditions, organic wastes such as food, grass, flowers and other plant materials are decomposed by bacteria, fungi and other organisms.

        And since this project can be turned into success, the school can continue the practice of composting or would even introduce other programs which are related to gardening.   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

22

 

SAMPLES OF SCHOOL ECO-FRIENDLY RESEARCH

  1. Increasing the Growth Rate of the Plants within a Short Period of Time through the Use of the Hydroponics Method

          

  1. INTRODUCTION

- BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:

23

 

        The EPP Coordinator and Grade V Teachers would like to investigate if the growth rate of the plants could be increased faster if they would use other kind of method aside from a soil plant. They decided to look into it because they thought some of the plants could be developed within a shorten time. They also noticed that the front area of their rooms is quite small in size when it comes to gardening and some of the pupils were curious in planting that’s why they tempted to touch it that caused the plants to die. With this, the utilization of the hydroponics method will be tried to examine if the growth rate of the plants would increase within a short period of time.

  

24

 
  • Statement of the Problem

 

        How to increase the growth rate of the plants within a shorten time.

Possible Causes:

 

  1. The length of time consumed in soil planting would take much longer.
  2. The open area of the Grade V rooms is not designed for soil vegetable planting.
  3. Monitoring and evaluation in soil planting might not be properly conducted.

25

 

 

  • Significance of the Study

        The study of increasing the growth rate of the plants within a short period of time would be of great help for crops production. The existence of hydroponics method in school could be an introduction wherein it can be used by the teachers and pupils in planting not only in school but also in other places.

 

  • Scope and Limitations

 

Setting

26

 

        The research innovation will be conducted at the front area of the Grade V Rooms at Cataning Elementary School.

Subjects

        The subject on the study is how to increase the growth rate of the plants within a short period of time.

The Frame

        The school year 2015 will be the period covered by the study.

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        Once the researchers are able to get the approval of the principal and district supervisor, the conduct of the study will be implemented.  Moreover, clear directions on what to do with will also be provided. Through judgmental validation, the sets of result instruments will be put in final form and carefully administered by the Grade V Teachers.

       

  1. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

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        The word hydroponics comes from two Greek words, "hydro" meaning water and "ponics" meaning labor. The concept of soil less gardening or hydroponics has been around for thousands of years. The hanging Gardens of Babylon and The Floating Gardens of China are two of the earliest examples of hydroponics. Scientists started experimenting with soil less gardening around 1950. Since then other countries, such as Holland, Germany, and Australia have used hydroponics for crop production with amazing results.

        By the 1960’s, hydroponics agriculture had become a major industry worldwide, especially in parts of the US such as Florida, California, Hawaii, and Arizona and in Russia, France, South Africa, the Middle East, Holland, Japan, Australia and Germany. A recent Australian government report estimates that 65,000 acres of high-intensity legal hydroponic production exists worldwide, with a value of six billion to eight billion US dollars per year.

        Analysts cited in the Aussie report say global warming desertification, water shortages, oil shortages, and globalization are making hydroponics increasingly important. The report notes that the industry has achieved phenomenal financial and technological success in a relatively short time, and that its value has a doubling time than almost any other category of the world agricultural economy.

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       Hydroponic gardens are considered by many to be better for the environment. This type of gardening uses much less water than traditional gardening does. The reason for this is because hydroponic gardening constantly reuses the nutrient solutions. Another environmental benefit associated with hydroponics is the fact that these plants and crops do not really need pesticides; therefore the land and air are free of this pollution. Likewise, because there is not soil needed with hydroponic gardening, there does not need to be any kind of concern about topsoil erosion. There are some who believe that hydroponic gardening is the wave of the future and will be used more and more often until it becomes the most popular type of gardening among people across the world (mysearch08-09blogspot.com/2009/02).

III. METHODOLOGY

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        The researchers will first identify what hydroponics is and will study what various experts are considered to prove that hydroponics have several advantages over soil gardening. Gathering available information about the facility will also be done because this would be an advantage to create our own kit which will be suited to our needs. The evaluation of what potential site and the combination of a more versatile and much cheaper examination will also be considered.

        In order to have a great idea, the researchers will make an ocular visit to the Bataan Polytechnic State University (BPSU) which is located at Banas Hermosa, Bataan. The simplest and cheapest water culture will be used and the supply of nutrient solution that will be needed by the plants will be carefully analyzed.

  1. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

        The study was started on November 16, 2015 where 80 plastic bottles were placed at the fruit trays with water. Petchay and lettuce were put at the bottle and each bottle had pebbles which served as a support to the plants. The researcher covered the garden house with a UV protection plastic to prevent the plants from too much heat and raindrops that may cause them to wither. The Snap hydroponic solution was used at petchay and lettuce plants as their main source of nutrients. After 17 days of observations, we have discovered that the snap solution which was mixed to the water and sent directly to the water helped to stimulate the root growth. It has proven that the plants did not need to search in the soil for the nutrients because those nutrients were already delivered to the plants several times per day. We also noticed that dripping of a solution could also be a fertilizer since they make it a point that most of what plants need to grow is within the solution itself. In addition to this, we also observed that hydroponic plants also had fewer problems with bug infestations, funguses and disease.     

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        The results of the research indicated that hydroponics is proved to have several advantages over soil solution contains all the elements that the plant normally would get from the soil. The researchers also discovered that the method of growing plants may be grown with their roots in the mineral solution. The growth rate on a hydroponic plant was 30-50 percent faster than a soil plant, grown under the same conditions.

        In this study, the researchers found out that the growth rate of the plants can be shorten within a common period of time if hydroponics method has properly planned and utilized. The successful research and observation was done in less than a month (November 14 – December 14, 2015 and February 1- March 3, 2016).

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Frequency Distribution of Plants Using Hydroponic and Traditional Method

 

 

Improved in One Week

 

Improved in Two Weeks

 

Not Improved

 

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Hydroponics Method

80

100

80

100

0

0

Traditional Method (Soil Planting)

26

32.5

52

65

15

18.75

Total

106

 

132

 

15

 

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Improved in One Week

 

Improved in Two Weeks

 

Not Improved

 

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Hydroponics Method

34

100

34

100

0

0

Traditional Method (Soil Planting)

10

29.41

12

35.29

12

35.29

Total

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46

 

12

 

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  The survey showed that 100% of the plants under hydroponic method improved within a short period of time compared to the plants under traditional method.

        With this, using a hydroponic method in planting at school can be advised to directly implement because of its advantages which also offers several benefits to our environment.

  1. RECOMMENDATION

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        Because hydroponics has proved to have several advantages over soil gardening, the following recommendations would like the researchers to consider by others:

  1. Consider a low maintenance, reliable system that can produce the best and most well known hydroponics method.
  2. Encourage the teachers, pupils and parents to utilize the hydroponic method in planting.
  3. In utilizing a hydroponics method, examine the pros and cons for each so that you would able to know the solution that can be applied during the implementation.

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  • Inform the school and community about the benefit they will get if they will voluntarily support this kind program.
  1. It is recommended that schools should utilize this kind of project and should continuously map out innovative techniques and strategies to maximize efficiency and cost-effectiveness.

 

  1. PRODUCING GOOD ORGANIC FERTILIZER THROUGH VERMICULTURE AND VERMICOMPOSTING
  2. INTRODUCTION

- BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:

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        The area of focus for the researchers’ project is producing good organic fertilizer in gardening from bio-degradable materials with earthworms. The researchers have decided to make an innovation in planting when they noticed that the biggest issue facing by the Cataning EPP teachers is the use of chemical fertilizers. So they thought that vermiculture and vermicomposting would be of great help to strengthen and intensify the production of vegetables and fruits in school which will be served as a food basket in the supplementary feeding program.

  • Statement of the Problem

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        How to produce good organic fertilizer in gardening from bio-degradable materials to avoid using chemical fertilizers?

Possible Causes:

  1. Chemical fertilizers could have an adverse effect on soil.
  2. The use of chemical fertilizers could be at risk and contaminate the groundwater.
  3. Using of chemical fertilizers would have bad effects to person’s health.

 

  • Significance of the Study

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        The findings of the innovation in vermiculture and vermicomposting is one of the most valuable ecological endeavors we could have engaged in as it caters not only environmental protection but it will also help us in acquiring knowledge on its proper methodology.

  • Scope and Limitations

 

Setting

        The research innovation will be conducted in Cataning Elementary School Garden.

Subjects

        The subjects on the study will be the production of good fertilizer in gardening.

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The Frame

        The school year 2015 will be the period covered by the study.

        Once the researchers are able to get the approval of the principal and district supervisor, the organic fertilizer from bio-degradable with earthworms will be tested for reliability, effectiveness and validity where the researcher will personally conduct the dry run.

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        Moreover, clear directions on what to do with will also be provided. Through judgmental validation, the sets of result instruments will be put in final form and administered personally.

       

       

  1. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

        The research gives emphasis to the production of good organic fertilizer as supported by the related literature. The idea was formed and was based to the statement of Edwards (1995), that through the vermiculture and vermicomposting process the important plant nutrients in the organic material, particularly nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and calcium are released and converted through microbial action into forms that are more soluble and available to plants than those in the parent compounds.

        Many comparative studies between vermicomposting and composting systems have shown that earthworms will accelerate the mineralization of organic matter, accelerate the breakdown of polysaccharides, increase humification, lower the bioavailability of heavy metals (Elvira et al, 1996a, 1998; Domiguez, 1997; Edwards and Bohlen, 1996)

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  • METHODOLOGY

        Vermiculture is the science of worm composting. Worms can eat their body weight each day in fruit and vegetables scraps, leaving castings as the byproduct. Worm castings are called worm compost (www.gardens.com)

Clean-up and Preparation of Vermi Beds

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        The school started the vermiculture project on October 5, 2015 with the clean-up and preparation of the previously built compos pit located at the school garden. The vermin bed, 1 X 2 in size with hollow blocks has cleaned and started to gather substrates.

Substrate Application

        After some days of gathering, we put the substrates to vermin bed on October 12. We put a mixture of loam soil, carabao manure and partially decomposed leaves in the vermi bed; we put a mixture of carabao manure partially decomposed rice straw and rice hull and shredded moist newspapers. The succeeding application made used of mixed and different subtrates.

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        Before putting the substrate, we made sure that the materials are cut break into smaller pieces. We also mixed the different media together well for the worms to easily digest these. We have moistened the materials and cover the vermin bed with roof and tarpaulin cover to initiate anaerobic decomposition. The substrates were kept in the bed for ten days before we put the vermin worms. It took 10 to 15 days to complete anaerobic decomposition and only then that they are ready for worm consumption.

49

 

Introducing the Vermi Worms, Red Wiggler (Eisenia foetida)

        After 10 days upon putting the substrates into the vermin beds, we introduce the vermin worms into the substrate on October 19, 2015. We used the Red wiggler (Eisenia foetida) in our vermicompost. Aerobic decomposition lasts for 7-14 days depending on the materials used and the ratio of the worms to the substrate. Within the period, we moistened (not soggy) the substrate regularly to provide the right (60-80%) for the vermin worms to grow and multiply.

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Feeding the Vermi Worms.

        After introducing the red wigglers, we fed the worms by placing vegetable wastes and leaves. We placed the vegetable wastes in different place each time for the worms to easily feed into. After two weeks, the red wigglers have eaten the food waste leaving behind worms or compost.

Harvesting the Vermicast

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        Harvesting was commenced 10 to 14 days or 2 weeks after socking of worms. Prior to harvest, we refrained from watering the substrate for the last three days to ease the separation of castings from worms and likewise preventing the castings to become compact. On November 6, we had the first harvest of the vermicast of the worm manure; we actually harvested 25 kilograms of organic fertilizer which contains mixture of loam soil, carabao manure and partially decomposed leaves.

Using the Harvested Vermicast

52

 

        Our harvested vermicast or worm manure was used as organic fertilizer for pechay seedlings which we transplanted in the garden near our vermiculture project. The remaining organic fertilizer were stored for future use. (http://www.recycledorganics.com).

  1. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

        Based on the research, the vermicast is a good organic fertilizer and soil conditioner. It is produced by the decomposition of organic matter or agricultural wastes. High quality vermicast can be produced by worms. It contains humus with high levels of nutrients such nitrogen, potassium, calcium and magnesium.

  1. RECOMMENDATION

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        As identified in the study, the following are recommended:

  1. Determine processing capacity of vermiculture systems.
  2. An investigation of alternative on-site organic waste management technology options available must be engaged.
  3. Cost effective technologies of organic wastes should be evaluated.
  4. Establish standard management and monitoring system.
  5. Monitoring and evaluation should be conducted regularly.

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  1. IMPROVING OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCIES AT THE MIXED WASTES THROUGH THE USE OF INNOVATIVE MATERIAL RECOVERY FACILITY (MRF)

          

  1. INTRODUCTION

- BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:

        The recycling coordinators have observed that the volumes of school recyclables became higher in number and are continuously increasing because of the recent population of the pupils.

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       To help address this issue, the Recycling Coordinators would like to waste reduction. So, the researchers would like to conduct a research regarding the reduction and recycling of school waste materials by designing a Materials Recovery Facility (MRF). The MRF will be utilized to produce clean, consistent, marketable products from heterogeneous materials that contain some level of contamination, to produce consistent and quality recovered materials and to create safe environment.

       

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  • Statement of the Problem

 

        How to improve operational efficiencies at the mixed waste and how to provide adequate material recovery facility to lessen the impediment to an increased recycling.

Possible Causes:

 

  1. Increased volumes of waste materials.
  2. The recovered materials are not properly in placed.
  3. Unwanted materials are not properly separated.

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  • Significance of the Study

        The study of establishing of Innovative Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) would be of great help in recovering variety of school materials. The existence of the MRF in school would capture additional recyclables that remain in the surroundings.

 

  • Scope and Limitations

 

Setting

        The research innovation will be conducted at the back area of Cataning Elementary School.

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58

 

Subjects

        The subject on the study is how to properly utilize the Innovative Materials Recovery Facility (MRF).

The Frame

        The school year 2015 will be the period covered by the study.

        Once the researchers are able to get the approval of the principal and district supervisor, the conduct of the study will be implemented. Moreover, clear directions on what to do with will also be provided. Through judgmental validation, the sets of result instruments will be put in final form and administered personally.

               

  1. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

        This study underscores the basic ideas and concepts on how to improve operational mixed wastes as supported by the related literature. The information is typically obtained by conducting waste characterization studies.

60

 

According to El-Haggar (2007), Proper waste management can be costly in terms of time and resources and so it is important to understand what opinions exist for managing waste in an effective, safe and sustainable manner.

        Another contemporary view is that USEPA, 1995 who asserts that defining and establishing clear goals is the first step of creating waste management program. Knowing what the management plan aims to achieve before it is designed can make the scoping process much simpler. Goals which are in line with the interests and core principles of an organization should be identified.

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        (CEF, Consultants, 1994) stated that behavioral instruments play a role in waste management strategies through initiatives that inform and educate. Examples of these types of initiatives include waste audits, school programs, advertising, training, and competitions.

        Educational and promotional tools such as staff education, event promotion and training are essential for the successful implementation of a waste management plan (CCME, 1996).Raising awareness about different waste management programs can have positive effects, but there are several methods which can be used to change behavior to improve participation or correct problems (Timlett & Williams 2008). Once new initiatives are introduced, people will need time to adjust until the new plan becomes normal behaviour, but once this behaviour is established it is difficult to break (Timlett & Williams, 2009).        

III. METHODOLOGY

        The researchers will first identify what various experts are considered in establishing MRF. Gathering available information about the facility will also be done because this would be an advanced equipment currently found in other processing facility. The evaluation of what potential site will also be considered. 

63

 

62

 

        In order to have a great idea, the researchers will make an ocular visit to the MRF of the Balanga City Government which is located at Sitio Ugong Brgy. Cataning. The organic composting operations would also be observed in getting information because this will be an integral component in the design and function of highly solid waste management program.

  1. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

        The results of the research indicated that the Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) could be the best processing facility. During the implementation, the materials were sorted and prepared for marketing. Configuration of MRF processing line was varied depending upon how the variety of materials received.       

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        Of the facilities that were visited, the researchers noticed that all incoming recyclables have sorted by the type at the point of collection programs. For this, they applied it to the school with the help of the teachers, pupils and parents. The sort materials were properly placed and separated by manual sorting.

        In addition with this, the material receiving and storage areas are typically housed in covered structures at the back area of the school. Through the research, the collection efficiency improved and they realized that MRF contributed significantly and very effective alternative to disposal. This combined a number of screening and sorting to separate recyclables with the remainder disposed. MRF recovered a higher waste diversion in the form of non-biodegradable and biodegradable materials that were sent for composting. Mixed waste MRF functioned more efficiently when wet materials were removed from nonorganic and dry materials. Wet/dry collection was an emerging strategy to attain higher recovery materials. The belief with the advancement of recovering waste materials required less upfront separation.

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        In this study, the researchers found out that the teachers, pupils and parents' partnership could give a significant role in improving operational efficiencies at the mixed waste by providing adequate material recovery facility to lessen the impediment to an increased recycling. The successful research was conducted for two months (October- November 2015).

Table 1

Summary Report of the Strengths and Weaknesses of Every Grade Level in Improving of Operational Efficiencies at the Mixed Wastes Through the Use of Innovative Material Recovery Facility (MRF)

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Respondents – 10 Representatives for every grade level (60 Respondents)

clip_image003.jpg

Text Box: 5We can follow the guidelines of using an MRF. We can show and explain it to others.

Text Box: 4clip_image006.jpg

 

Text Box: 3clip_image008.jpg

We can follow the guidelines of using an MRF. We can show and explain it to others but sometimes we commit a mistake.

 

We’re starting to learn how to follow the guidelines of using MRF. But sometimes, we need an assistance.

Text Box: 2clip_image010.jpg

 

 

clip_image010.jpg

We’re starting to learn how to follow the guidelines of using MRF. But we won’t do it alone.

Text Box: 1

 

It is difficult for us to follow the guidelines of using MRF. WE won’t follow it.

 

Week

1

2

3

4

5

Week 1

43

9

4

2

1

Week 2

12

36

6

3

3

Week 3

5

13

14

12

16

Week 4

1

1

6

23

29

Week 5

0

0

2

16

32

Week 6

0

0

0

9

51

Week 7

0

0

0

5

55

Week 8

0

0

0

0

60

 

69

 

68

 

        The summary results of the attitude being manifested by the respondents during the course of the study revealed that their         The respondents became interested in improving of operational efficiencies at the mixed wastes through the use of Innovative Material Recovery Facility (MRF).

        It is true that providing an adequate material recovery facility can be lessened the impediment to an increased recycling.

Frequency Distribution of Respondents’ Strengths and Weaknesses in Improving of Operational Efficiencies at the Mixed Wastes through the Use Of Innovative Material Recovery Facility (MRF)

 

 

 

70

 
 

 

Improved

 

Not Improved

 

 

Retained

 

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Male

30

100

0

0

0

0

Female

30

100

0

0

0

0

Total

60

100

0

0

0

0

       

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        The survey showed that 100% of the respondents improved their strength on operational efficiencies at the mixed wastes by using MRF.

        Using an MRF positively influenced how to be aware in disposing their waste materials in school because the program has properly developed and maintained. The utilization of MRF has considered one of the most effective devices and strategies in converting wastes into a valuable one.

  1. RECOMMENDATION

        The following are recommended to find alternative and innovative waste reduction:

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  • Encourage the teachers, pupils and parents to be involved in the school waste management program to produce consistent and quality recovered materials and to create safe environment.
  1. Inform the school and community about the benefit they will get if they will voluntarily support this kind program.
  2. Imbibe in the mind of the children that MRF was designed to maximize materials recovery to achieve a safe and clean environment.
  3. Everybody should be well informed about the usefulness of the MRF.

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  • It is recommended that schools should utilize this kind of project and should continuously map out innovative techniques and strategies to maximize efficiency and cost-effectiveness.

 

  1. THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MULCH IN PROTECTING THE GROWTH OF THE PLANTS

          

  • INTRODUCTION

- BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:

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        The EPP Coordinator provided some studies in gardening that could enrich and protect soil and at the same time could help provide a better growing environment. She decided to introduce a new program when she noticed that unnecessary weeds and grasses in the garden plots mixed to the growth of the vegetable plants.

        And upon the research, she observed that mulching can be the simplest and most beneficial practices in the garden.

        With this idea, she considered the utilization of mulching in gardening because it is simply a protective layer of a material that is spread on top of the soil wherein numerous benefits can be attained.

  

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  • Statement of the Problem

 

        How to protect the growth of the vegetable plants?

Possible Causes:

 

  1. Unwanted weeds and grasses continue to grow at garden plots.
  2. The erosion of soil was not protected.
  3. The impact of heavy rains can cause a damage of the plants.

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  • Significance of the Study

 

        The utilization of mulching in the garden could give a significant effect. It could protect the plants over the heavy rains and could protect the soil from erosion. Moreover, mulching can conserve moisture, reduce the need for frequent watering, maintain a more even soil temperature and eventually, it could prevent weed growth. 

 

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  • Scope and Limitations

 

Setting

        The research innovation will be conducted at the Cataning Elementary School vegetable garden.

Subjects

        The subject on the study is how to protect the growth of the vegetable plants.

The Frame

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        The school year 2015-2016 will be the period covered by the study.

        Once the researcher is able to get the approval of the principal and district supervisor, the conduct of the study will be implemented. Moreover, clear directions on what to do with will also be provided. Through judgmental validation, the sets of result instruments will be put in final form and administered personally.

         

  1. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

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       This study underscores the basic thoughts and concepts on how to protect the growth of the plants using mulch as supported by related literature.

        According t Waggoner P. E., Miller P. M. and De Roo. H., the effect of mulching material (plastic) in modifying the soil climate was consistently higher than in bare soil. Vegetables mulched with natural or translucent plastic flowered and fruited earlier and produced more runners than plants mulched with other materials or left unmulched. The roots of mulched plants were more liable to attack by Rhizoctonia solani than of plants in bare soil. A plastic mulch did not discourage deep rooting of a shade, and mulched plants were taller than those grown in bare soil. After curing the mulched plants had a higher frequency of light brown and mottled leaves than had plants grown in bare soil. The effects of mulching were not always the same as those produced by shading.

 

III. METHODOLOGY

        The researcher will first evaluate what of type mulch she is going to use. It can be organic like grass clippings or inorganic like plastic covering. She would try to consider both way because based on the study, both organic and inorganic mulches have numerous benefits. 

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        In order to get an immense design, the researcher will make an ocular visit to the garden of KAANIB which is located at Brgy. Cataning so that she would be able to assess an insulating barrier between the soil and air. The implementer will be covered the garden plots with a long and black plastic so that she would be easily determine the success of the project.

 

  1. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

        The outcomes of the study indicated that mulching could provide beneficial to the EPP teachers and pupils.

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        The involvement of the teachers, parents and pupils while implementing the project could make a wonderful mulch. It has discovered that mulching could improve the soil structure and their condition. Covering the soil with a plastic could control and minimize the growth of the unnecessary weeds. This also improved the root growth, increased the infiltration of water and improved the water-holding capacity of the soil. It has also been observed that it is best to use mulches after the soil has warmed up because cool and wet soils tended to slow seed germination and increase the decay of seeds and seedlings. 

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        While doing this activity, the researcher developed and implemented a strategy to improve results through monitoring and evaluation. The teachers, pupils and parents who joined the project were guided in the development and enhancement of the study.

        The school successfully introduced an innovation called “Mulching”. The program implementation was started on August 1, 2015 where progress monitoring followed until March, 2016.

        Through this Innovation, the goal of protecting the growth of the vegetable plants through the use of mulch was directly determined and developed.

  1. RECOMMENDATION

        The following are recommended to protect the growth of the plants through the use of mulch:

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  • Encourage the teachers, pupils and parents to be involved in the school project that gained deeper insights into planting.
  1. Inform the teachers, pupils and parents about the benefit that they will get if they will voluntarily support this kind of project.
  2. Imbibe in the mind of the children that mulching is a good project in enriching and protecting the soil in which could provide good harvest.
  3. It is also important to clearly determine the effects of using mulching in modifying the soil climate.

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  • Community extension services could be conducted to inform them the effects of mulching in planting.
  1. It is recommended that schools should utilize this kind of project and should continuously map out innovative teaching techniques and strategies to maximize the learning potentials in gardening.

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