Emerging Teaching Approach of Progressivist and Constructivist Teachers

The distinctions between online and classroom learning go beyond the medium. In a virtual learning environment, teachers present material, engage with students, and measure learning in very different ways. Students must be able to study at least some of the information when lecturers are unavailable since online education demands increased independence. Teachers must learn to engage a more varied population of learners since online learning requires a lot of preparation before execution in class and the challenges might varied from one another.

New learning models emerge as the educational system evolves through online learning, technology-enhanced teaching, and informal digital learning networks. With the help of various theoretical frameworks, teachers and instructors are all in better shape to make decisions on how to approach their teaching in the most appropriate ways for their students’ needs, given the variety of learning contexts in which teachers and instructors find themselves. It is pretty significant in meeting a large number of the needs of learners in the digital age.  Moreover, choosing a preference for a specific theoretical approach will be critical for how technology assists teachers. John Dewey established the laboratory school in 1986 and introduced the progressive method of teaching. Progressivism may be a theory of education concerned with training children to learn best when pursuing their interests and satisfying their needs. Progressive learning is an educational concept that focuses on teaching students how to think rather than memorizing facts. Traditional education trains pupils to memorize information rather than comprehend what they are learning. For example, a learner may be able to enumerate the many elements of a cell without fully comprehending how it works. Integrated curricula are used in progressive learning to allow students to approach topics and information from many viewpoints, enhancing their conceptual knowledge of the subject. Progressivists believe that folks know best from what they will consider most relevant to their lives. One of the characteristics of progressivism is education as social responsibility and democracy. The process of learning by doing is at the heart of progressive education. Experiential learning is a notion that helps students to learn by actively participating in activities and projects. Learners can better understand a subject and its implications by applying what they've learned to real-life settings, as well as build the skills they'll need as adults. After all, the workplace is a collaborative space that necessitates collaboration, critical thinking, creativity, and the capacity to work autonomously. Progressive learning enables students to reflect on their learning, pursue their own questions, and collaborate with peers and teachers, enhancing their problem-solving, communication, and investigation abilities. Teachers are called progressivism, considering that diversity, development, and alteration are critical components of one’s education.

Thus, progressivist teachers in this post-pandemic education require the teacher to be a more critical thinker in designing learning delivery that limits physical interaction. Since progressivist assumes education as social and democratic responsibility, another idea related to it says that humans actively construct or generate their knowledge, the reality of which is decided by the learner’s experiences (Elliott et al., 2000). When students discover new concepts, they frequently reconcile them with prior knowledge and experiences. It may result in a modification in their beliefs or may result in the abandoning of previous knowledge. Students must formulate inquiries, conduct investigations, and evaluate their prior knowledge to be active learning makers. Within the classroom, this idea entails encouraging students to engage in active learning strategies such as experiments and collecting unique data to generate knowledge and reflect on their grasp and understanding.

Constructivism is a key learning theory that educators employ to assist learners in their learning. Constructivism is founded on the premise that people actively create or make their own knowledge, and that your experiences as a learner define your reality. Learner basically utilizes their prior information as a foundation and build on it with new information. There are different principles of constructivism such as: Knowledge is constructed which is known as the basic principle of the constructivist teachers. Learners learn to learn; constructivists teachers define learning involves constructing meaning and system of meaning. Learning is active process; it requires sensory input to construct meaningful learning. Learning is social activity, that it requires association of connection with other people or peers. Those are some principles of constructivist teachers. The constructivist teacher provides students with resources such as problem-solving techniques and inquiry-based learning.  It includes using eLearning materials to involve students in developing and testing ideas, drawing conclusions, and communicating this information to their peers. The teachers must be aware of pupils’ preconceived notions and develop strategies for addressing the material that can serve as the foundation of their learnings. Constructivism, in any case, has a few shortcomings. In case it is time-consuming, understudies ought to have arranged to perform it in the lesson.

Teachers now a days have different teaching method which significally groomed from their undergraduate studies, different teaching principles or philosophies and from their actual teaching experience. The styles and different strategies they developed was a result of our mantra that quality education is rooted with comprehensive and well-presented teaching delivery.