High school students, during their adolescent years, undergo various physical, emotional, social, and cognitive changes. Simultaneously, the increasing academic demands and intricate structure of high school make their education more challenging. As children progress through school, parental involvement significantly decreases. Several factors contribute to this decline, including the complexity of high school curricula, which can be overwhelming for parents, peer pressure, the economic situation of families, and the students’ desire for independence. It is widely known that education begins at home and serves as the foundation for a child’s learning. Parents are the primary educators, and the family provides the initial educational experiences for the child. The home serves as their educational environment.

Regarding the research of R. Crosnoe and R. W. Ressler (2019) asserted that parents and family play a crucial role in their children’s education, especially for those who are at danger of dropping out of school, and that home and school are partners in this endeavor. Several studies show that a family’s influence and support can have a direct impact on a child’s behavior in the classroom, their grades, and their likelihood of completing high school.

Additionally, J. L. Epstein and M. According to G. Sanders (2002), proficient educators acknowledge the pivotal function of parents in their pupils’ lives and proactively pursue and execute strategies to establish communication with them. They understand that parents are the adults who have the biggest influence on their children and that regular communication between parents and students determines whether kids continue their education. The students whose parents never bring up school-related issues are the most likely to drop out.

Here are the tips on how to reinforce Parent-Teacher Collaboration in school:

1. Parents should not view parental support as sole task of female parents; it should be a collaborative effort of both parents to assist their children’s academic progress

2. Parents should participate in the different programs of the school of their children especially during PTA meeting and issuance of report card so that they will become fully aware on the academic progress of their children

3 Parents must continuously serve as stewards of their children not only on the personal needs but equally support them on the academic and school program of their children, as all of these affect their children’s academic progress.

4. School administrator, teacher and guidance counselor should establish active linkages between parents and school personnel by involving them in the different school activities, inviting them to attend Parenting session and give them constant appreciation that they are part of school.

Teachers alone could not do everything. They need partners in educating the young. The involvements and support of the parents have appositive impacts on their academic progress.


Epstein, J. L., and M. G. Sanders. 2002. “Family, School, and Community Partnerships.” In Handbook of Parenting: Volume 5. Practical Issues in Parenting, edited by M. H. Bornstein, 407–437. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

NESTOR P. SISON|Head Teacher-VI|Olongapo City National High School|Olongapo City
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