The following factors affecting classroom management are described.

Effective instruction. Well-planned instruction, which should include appropriate instructional activities like guided practice, attention to individual students, providing immediate feedback, and similar tasks tend to enhance order and effective learning. On the contrary, chaotic instructional activities lead to disorder in the classroom.

Setting and implementing rules. Classroom instruction should be undertaken in a business-like manner, such as trying to achieve maximum amount of learning within minimum time without disruption of other classroom activities. Teachers need to act accordingly when rules are broken, for example.

Managing intervention. The need for intervention increases when rules and instructional activities are not properly implemented, and when varied forms of misbehavior such as mild verbal and physical aggression are demonstrated in the classroom. These have to be dealt with appropriately and immediately by the teacher. Based on experience, one who frequently observes from the back of the classroom would encounter less classrooms misbehavior than one who is clearly standing still in front of the room. It must be pointed out, however, that many classroom interventions do not always lead to improved learning. Some are counter-productive. Any intervention that tends to interrupt the flow of the lesson, for example, must be terminated right away.

Feedback on appropriate behavior. The student expects feedback, whether or not his behavior is acceptable. It is good point to remember that praise of behavior would be more effective if done sparingly and linked with good performance.

Classroom environment. Students normally would not want to learn in very chaotic environment. Poorly managed classrooms, for example, usually would not provide pleasant and supportive learning environment.

By: Mrs. Anna Liza R. Libao | Teacher III | South Elementary School

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