Most Filipino students have high anxiety when it comes to their second language which is English. English language becomes a scare to most students nowadays. Students’ difficulties in learning a foreign language (in our case English language) cannot merely be linked to the lack of ability or intelligence. Language anxiety or the feeling of tension, apprehension, fearfulness, and worry in English class had been pointed to greatly influence student’s progress in mastering the target language. Highly anxious learners were found to achieve less and had low motivation. The fear that they have made it difficult for them to express their thoughts and opinion with regards to the topic being discussed inside the classroom. What are the primary triggers or cause of this? First, the non-comprehension status of a student. Given the fact that not all learners understand the language their vocabulary is limited they are not engaged with the language and no learnings about the second language that makes it hard for them. The best way to widen their vocabulary is to read, and read, and read more. If there are words that are unfamiliar to them google it that way their vocabulary bank will flourish.
Second, classmate’s discrimination. They have anxiety mainly because of their peer, they are afraid to commit mistakes, afraid that when they say grammatically incorrect sentence they will be bullied in the room afterwards. Language anxiety had often been reported to affect language learners negatively and that Language anxiety was continuously reported to greatly influence learner’s progress in mastering the target language, and it is affecting their motivation in taking the class.
Learning a foreign language is surely not something easy. There will be challenges
regarding the form of writing, the pronunciation, and grammatical rules that are
different from the native language spoken from birth. Language learners often
reported that they were frustrated because they kept forgetting the new words, could
not understand the teacher, and very nervous to speak in front of others in the target
language that they had not master.
To sum it up, language anxiety causes low self-esteem, low grades, it also affects student socialization and it hinders the learning process. The influence of language anxiety could interfere students’ progress in mastering the second language. These are the problems being faced by countries having English as their second language.