“Instead we should focus on providing the best method for our students because as the end of the day, the students will run the nation’s future.”
Due to the advancement of technology, there are so many things that had changed as well as the manner of digesting information. Our society had been divided into two or perhaps three groups when we talk about teaching methods; the first one favors the traditional way, second group favors the modern teaching method and the last group supports the combination of both for effective teaching.But the real question is, what’s more effective?
An educator needs to use appropriate teaching styles when teaching elementary students. Lessons in the elementary classroom need to be structured differently from those in the middle school or high school classroom.1I had been working as an elementary teacher for ten years, putting and exposing myself into different individual with various ethnicity, religion, and communities. Educators are also exposed with different individualities who have different ways of learning. Before we tackle the issue of technology as replacing traditional teaching method, we must first discover the pros and cons of the two teaching method and how can we integrate both methods for effective teaching?
Traditional teaching is concerned with the teacher being the controller of the learning environment. Power and responsibility are held by the teacher and they play the role of instructor (in the form of lectures) and decision maker (in regards to curriculum content and specific outcomes). They regard students as having ‘knowledge holes’ that need to be filled with information. In short, the traditional teacher views that it is the teacher that causes the learning to occur (Novak, 1998)
Traditional teaching is used in the educational institutions in most part of our country. In this way, teachers illustrate the concept of the lesson through the help of a chalk and a blackboard, or through the use of aid materials like lessons written on a Manila paper or cartolina.
There are three main types of methods used in traditional education are as follows:
Lectures and Direct Instruction
Traditional teaching, as most of us have experienced, is classroom-based and consists of lectures and direct instructions conducted by the teacher. This teacher-centred method emphasizes learning through the teacher’s guidance at all times. Students are expected to listen to lectures and learn from them.2
Tests are the most significant indicator of student performance and degree of learning. Students who belong in the same class sit down and take a single set of examinations, which they should pass. Most of the examinations are taken from fundamental resources, such as textbooks and other publications that are relevant to the subject.2
Listening and Observation
Teachers talk to the students about the subject matter and expect them to learn everything through the lectures held in the classroom.2
The traditional methods shouldered too much responsibilities because teachers will make sure that everything they taught were clearly understood by the students. Thus, it is indeed a good method where there is efficient communication between the teacher and the students. There is also a controlled environment where the teacher would teach lessons on the blackboard, discussed the topic, asks students to copy the lessons on their notebook and made sure students paid attention on every topics that were discussed. It is indeed; interactive, motivating, accessible and organized.
Interactive because the students can interact with their teacher and classmates. Many students prefer face-to-face interaction to technology-mediated conversations. Motivating because the learning atmosphere of the traditional classrooms feels like home where they stay focused and keep them motivated. Unlike, virtual classrooms, where procrastination can become a common attitude. Accessible because some students can’t afford buying iPad or tablet, or do not have access to technological devices. In a traditional method, learning begins with the teacher sharing his/her knowledge with students, proceeds discussion, and end with new information written in notebooks. Organized because they are provided with fixed schedule.
On the other hand, modern teaching methods, the learning process is attained through the help of computers and other technological devices. From the last decade, where the introduction of computers and high tech equipment in the education institutions is increased with a rapid rate and causes drastic changes. There are lots of devices which can be used for improving the learning process in the classroom.
The use of computers or laptops with provided Wi-Fi connection. The subject or lesson to be taught is connected to the computer. The use of LCD projector in the classroom is becoming very common. Teacher organizes the slides and which are displayed in the LCD screen through the help of projector. Also, the use of interactive whiteboards in the classroom, they can draw, write and manipulate images providing a very interactive platform.
Research has shown that the use of visual media for teaching helps the students to understand the lesson better and helps the students to memorize the concept for a longer time.
Videos and animations used in the modern teaching method are more explanatory than the use of traditional blackboard.
Despite the development of technology, one cannot remove entirely the traditional way of teaching to achieve an effective education. Education has been an integral part of human life and should build the overall character and development of an individual. Instead we should focus on providing the best method for our students because as the end of the day, the students will run the nation’s future andstudents and teachers will benefit more if the two methods were fused together – creating a more effective, enjoyable and collaborative learning experience.
Note & References:
Traditional teaching vs. Modern teaching methods. (n.d.). Retrieved April 17, 2008, from http://rickatz.blogspot.com/2008/04/traditional-teaching-vs-modern-teaching.html